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      創新思維的范例有哪些

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        創新思維是一種具有開創意義的思維勾當,是指能提供新穎奇特的、具有社會代價的產物的思維。下面是學習啦的小編為你們整理的文章,希望你們能夠喜歡
       

      創新思維的范例有哪些

        創新思維的范例有哪些

        創新思維的形式多種多樣,主要有以下幾種:

        第一,擴展式思維。所謂擴展式思維,就是將研究的工具范疇加以拓廣,從而獲取新常識,使認識擴展的思維方法。

        第二,延伸式思維。所謂延伸式思維,就是借助己有的常識,沿襲他人、前人的思維邏輯去探求未知的常識,將認識向前推移,從而富厚和完善原有常識體系的思維方法。

        第三,遐想式思維。所謂遐想式思維,就是將所調查到的某種現象與本身所要研究的工具加以遐想思考,從而得到新常識的思維形式。

        第四,運用式思維。所謂運用式思維,就是運用普遍性道理研究詳細事物的本質和紀律,從而得到新的認識的思維形式。

        第五,逆向式思維。所謂逆向式思維,就是將原有結論或思維方法予以否認,而運用新的思維方法舉辦探究,從而得到新的認識的思維方法。

        第六,理想式思維。所謂理想式思維,是指人們對在現有理

        論和物質條件下,不行能創立的某些事實或結論舉辦理想,從而敦促人們獲取新的認識的思維方法。

        第七,奇異式思維。所謂奇異式思維,就是對事物舉辦逾越通例地舉辦思考,從而得到新常識的思維方法。

        第八,綜合式思維。所謂綜合式思維,就是在對事物的認識進程中,將上述幾種思維形式中的某幾種加以綜合運用,從而獲取新常識的思維形式。

        創新思維形式是多種多樣的,我們只有真正領略、把握創新思維的多樣性,在實踐中機動運用創新思維的多種形式,才氣自由境地入創新王國,獲取創新的厚實成就。

        創新性思維的表示形式及其特點

        創新性思維的要害在于奈何詳細地去舉辦創新性的思維。創新性思維的重要訣竅在于多角度、多側面、多偏向地對待和處理懲罰事物、問題和進程。詳細地表示在以下幾個方面:

        (一)理論思維。

        理論一般可領略為道理的體系,是系統化的理性認識。理論思維是指使理性認識系統化的思維形式。這種思維形式在實踐中應用許多,如系統工程就是運用系統理論思維來處理懲罰一個系統內和各個有關問題的一種打點要領。錢學森認為,系統工程是組織打點系統的籌劃、研究設計、創新試驗和利用的科學要領。又如,有人提出“相似論”,也是科學理論思維的領域,即人見到鳥有翅膀能飛,就按照鳥的翅膀,鳥體幾許布局與氛圍動力和航行成果等相似道剃頭現了飛機,有的也稱“仿生學”。尚有在企業組織出產中,也有許多處所要用到理論思維。因此說,理論思維是一種根基的思維形式。因此,為了掌握創新紀律,就要當真研究理論思維勾當的紀律,出格是創新性理論思維的紀律。

        (二)多向思維。

        多向思維也叫發散思維、輻射思維或擴散思維。是指對某一問題或事物的思考進程中,不拘泥于一點或一條線索,而是從僅有的信息中盡大概向多偏向擴展,而不受已經確定的方法、要領、法則和范疇等的約束,而且從這種擴散的思考中求得通例的和非通例的多種設想的思維。多向思維的觀念,最早是由武德沃斯于1918年提出,今后斯皮爾曼、卡推爾作為一種“流通性”因素而利用過。美國心理學家吉爾福特在“智力布局的三維模式”中,便明晰地提出了發散性思維,也等于多向思維。他認為,發散思維是從給定的信息中發生信息,其著重點是從同一的來歷中發生各類百般的為數浩瀚的輸出。

        它的特點一是“多端”,對一個問題可以多初步,發生很多遐想,得到各式百般的結論;如奈何將梳子買給僧人?二是“機動”,對一個問題能按照客觀環境變革而變革;如假如第二次龜兔賽跑兔子又輸了,原因大概是偏向相反,還大概是前面有條河等等。三是“風雅”,,能全面細致地思量問題;四是“新穎”,謎底可以有個別差別,各不溝通,新穎不俗。在上世紀50年月后,通過對發散性思維的研究,進一步提出了發散性思維的流通度(指發散的量)、變通度(指發散的機動性)和獨創度(指發散的新奇成份)三個維度,而這些特性是創新性思維的重要內容。人的多向性思維本領是可以通過熬煉而提高的,其要點是:首先,遇事要斗膽地敞開思路,不要僅僅思量實際不實際,可行不行行,這正如一個著名的科學家所說:“你思量的大概性越多,也就越容易找到真正的訣竅。”

       

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