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      關于創新思維的根基特點

      時間:2019-04-30 17:30:39本文內容及圖片來源于讀者投稿,如有侵權請聯系xuexila888@qq.com 斯祺 我要投稿

        21世紀是創新的世紀,21世紀的中國需要大批的創新人才,創新人才的重要特征是具有創新思維。下面是學習啦的小編為你們整理的文章,希望你們能夠喜歡

      關于創新思維的根基特點

        創新思維的根基特點

        一、求異性

        創新思維在創新勾當進程中,,尤其在初期階段,求異性出格明明。它要求存眷客觀事物的差異性與非凡性,存眷現象與本質、形式與內容的紛歧致性。

        英國科學家何非認為:“科學研究事情就是設法走到某事物的極度而調查它有無出格現象的事情。”創新也是如此。一般來說,人們對司空見慣的現象和已有的權威結論懷有盲從和迷信的心理,這種心理使人很難有所發明、有所創新。而求異性思維則不拘泥于通例,不輕信權威,以猜疑和批駁的立場看待一切事物和現象。

        二、遐想性

        遐想是將外貌看來互不相干的事物接洽起來,從而到達創新的界域。遐想性思維可以操作已有的履歷創新,如我們常說的由此及彼、觸類旁通、聞一知十,也可以操道別人的發現或締造舉辦創新。遐想是創新者在創新思考時常常利用的要領,也較量容易見到成效。

        可否主動地、有效地運用遐想,與一小我私家的遐想本領有關,然而在創新思考中若能有意識地運用這種方法則是有效操作遐想的重要前提。任何事物之間都存在著必然的接洽,這是人們可以或許回收遐想的客觀基本,因此遐想的最主要要領是努力尋謀事物之間的一一對應干系。

        三、發散性

        發散性思維是一種開放性思維,其進程是從某一點出發,任意發散,既無必然偏向,也無必然范疇。它主張打開大門,張開思維之網,突破一切扣留,極力接管更多的信息。可以天南地北地想,甚至可以想入非非。人的動作自由大概會受到各類條件的限制,而人的思維勾當卻有無限遼闊的天地,是任何此外外界因素難以限制的。

        發散性思維是創新思維的焦點。發散性思維可以或許發生浩瀚的可供選擇的方案、步伐及發起,能提出一些獨出心裁、出乎料想的看法,使一些好像無法辦理的問題迎刃而解。

        四、逆向性

        逆向性思維就是有意識從通例思維的反偏向去思考問題的思維要領。假如把傳統見識、通例履歷、權威言論看成金科玉律,經常會阻礙我們創新思維勾當的展開。因此,面臨新的問題或恒久辦理不了的問題,不要習慣于沿著前輩或本身持久形成的、固有的思路去思考問題,而應從相反的偏向尋找辦理問題的步伐。

        歐幾里德幾許學成立之后,從公元5世紀開始,就有人試圖證明作為歐氏幾許學基石之一的第五正義,但始終沒有樂成,人們對它好像陷入了絕望。1826年,羅巴切夫斯基運用與已往完全相反的思維要領,果真聲明第五正義不行證明,而且回收了與第五正義完全相反的正義。從這個正義和其他正義出發,他終于成立了非歐幾許學。非歐幾許學的成立解放了人們的思想,擴大了人們的空間見識,使人類對空間的認識發生了一次革命性的奔騰。

        五、綜合性

        綜合性思維是把對事物各個側面、部門和屬性的認識統一為一個整體,從而掌握事物的本質和紀律的一種思維要領。綜合性思維不是把事物各個部門、側面和屬性的認識,隨意地、主觀地拼湊在一起,也不是機器地相加,而是按它們內涵的、一定的、本質的接洽把整個事物在思維中再現出來的思維要領。

        美國在1969年7月16日,實現了“阿波羅”登月打算,介入這項工程的科學家和工程師達42萬多人,介入單元2萬多個,歷時11年,耗資300多億美元,共用700多萬個零件。美國“阿波羅”登月打算總批示韋伯曾指出:“阿波羅打算中沒有一項新發現的技能,都是現成的技能,要害在于綜合。”可見,阿波羅打算是充實運用綜合性思維要領舉辦的最佳創新。

        創新性思維的表示形式及其特點

        創新性思維的要害在于奈何詳細地去舉辦創新性的思維。創新性思維的重要訣竅在于多角度、多側面、多偏向地對待和處理懲罰事物、問題和進程。詳細地表示在以下幾個方面:

        (一)多向思維

        多向思維也叫發散思維、輻射思維或擴散思維。是指對某一問題或事物的思考進程中,不拘泥于一點或一條線索,而是從僅有的信息中盡大概向多偏向擴展,而不受已經確定的方法、要領、法則和范疇等的約束,而且從這種擴散的思考中求得通例的和非通例的多種設想的思維。多向思維的觀念,最早是由武德沃斯于1918年提出,今后斯皮爾曼、卡推爾作為一種“流通性”因素而利用過。美國心理學家吉爾福特在“智力布局的三維模式”中,便明晰地提出了發散性思維,也等于多向思維。他認為,發散思維是從給定的信息中發生信息,其著重點是從同一的來歷中發生各類百般的為數浩瀚的輸出。

       

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